AREAS OF COMPUTER APPLICATION

computer is now being used almost in all areas of endeavor. In this post we will briefly look at the areas in Medicine, Education and Business and Corporate Management where computer is being applied.

Computer Application

Computer Application in Medicine

computers are used widely in medical research, medical diagnostics, record keeping etc. In  medical practice, data collection from patients as well as subsequent storage, retrieval and manipulation of data are enhanced by the use of computer. In medical decision-making, computers improve accuracy, increase cost-efficiency and advance understanding of the structure of medical knowledge and the decision-making itself

Area application include the following but not limited to:
1. Medical Computer  Aided Learning
    (CAL) such as ADAM (Animated
   Dissection of Anatomy for Medicine)
   CD Atlas of Clinical Neurology,  the
   visible human project VOXEL-MAN.

2. Custom Prosthetic (as used in hip
    replacement).

3. Medical Bioinformatics (as used in
    record-keeping).

4. Surgical Application ( Surgical
    Planning and  Rehearsal, computer
     Aided  Surgery (CAS), Robotic or
    Robotic ally Assisted Surgery).

5. Telemedicine and E-health.

6. Visual doctor.

Computer Applications in Education.
The importance of computer to education cannot be overemphasized. Nowadays computers are used in all sectors of educational system either by the student, teacher or manager of education.
Some of the area of applications includes:
1. Authoring Software: this has to do with the writing program that has in-built ability to automatically create processes materials and present them according to the specification of the users. Examples are Course Builder, word play, pilot, Text Play Developing Tray etc.

2. E-Learning: Is a type of technology supported education/learning (TSL) where the medium of instruction is via computer technology, particularly involving digital technologies. Communication technologies used in E-Learning are generally categorized into asynchronous (e.g blogs, wikis, discussion board (forum) etc) and synchronous (online chat section, virtual class or meeting).

Asynchronous activities imply that the participant may engage in the exchange of ideas and information without the dependency of other participants' involvement at the sametime.

Synchronous activities involve the exchange of ideas or information with one or more participants during the same period of time.

Branches of E-Learning are:
1. Computer based learning (CBL)
2. Computer based training (CBT)
3. Computer supported collaborative
     Learning (CSCL)
4. computer aided learning system
    (CLS)
5. Computer Aided instruction (cai)
6. Computer Aided assessment (cas)
7. Computer base tutorial
8. online registration course and
     admission
9. online examination and result
    processing

Computer Application in Business and Corporate Management.
Computing today has revolutionized the business environment. The impact of computers to business and management world has led to the following:

1. E-commerce: is about the transaction of business using electronic communication processes and facilities. it is a subset of e-business which deals with the purchasing, selling and exchanging of goods and services over computer networks or other electronic means via which transaction or terms of sale are performed electronically.

2. E-marketing: is the  application of marketing principles and technique via electronic media and more specifically the internet. It is the product of the meeting between modern communication technologies and the age-old marketing principles that human have always applied. E-marketing is a subset of e-commerce utilizes electronic medium to perform marketing activities and achieve desired marketing objectives for an organisation. E-marketing, internet marketing and online marketing are considered to be synchronous and are therefore used interchangeably.

3. E-banking: is defined as the automated delivery of new and traditional banking products and services directly to customers via electronic, interactive  communication channel. It includes  the system that enables financial institution customers, individual or businesses to access their accounts, transact business or obtain information on financial products and services via a public or private network.
E-banking services include:
  • ATM (Automated Teller Machine)
  • E-payment
  • Mobile banking
  • mobile payment
  • person-to-person payment (E-Mail Money)
  • Bill payment.
4. E-customer service: The quality of an organisation's customer relationship is determined by the following:
1. Reliability: this is the key to online business. customers require a high level of responsibility from the dealer.
2. Responsiveness: the level of  this determine the success rate in any online business.
3. Relationship: this is enhanced by providing service such as online after sell technical customer support , warranty and guaranty, online customer feedback, online chat facilities etc.

Conclusion
A powerful small business software application from oracle corporation is NetLedger. It is a powerful suite of business application that provides business with reliable, cost effective and a more dependable management tool for today's business managers. NetLedger is a web-based application that provide multi-user capability, online collaboration, and access to your accounting system from any location via the internet and seamless connection to employees.

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